Penalties

Updated August 27, 2015

Types of Penalties

  • Minor penalties are two minutes in length. The penalized team must play shorthanded for the duration of the penalty, or until the opposition scores a goal while the teams are not at even strength.

  • Misconduct penalties are ten minutes in length. The penalized team is not shorthanded due to a misconduct penalty.

  • At the referees discretion any player may be ejected from the game at any time. The referee must make a note on the game sheet as to why.

  • A penalty shot may be awarded if a player is fouled from behind or diagonally from behind on a breakaway. The following five criteria must be met for a penalty shot to be called: 
    1. The fouled player has possession and control of the puck;
    2. The fouled player is beyond his Defending Zone;
    3. The fouled player has no opponent to pass to except the goalkeeper;
    4. The fouled player is fouled from behind (beyond his peripheral vision);
    5. The fouled player has been denied a reasonable scoring opportunity. This includes situations where the foul committed has denied the fouled player the ability to make a reasonable attempt to score.

All of these criteria need to be met in order to award a penalty shot. If one or more are not met, then the appropriate penalty shall be assessed in the normal manner. If the goal is unattended, an automatic goal shall be awarded.

  • Coincidental penalties will be called, when appropriate, to maximize ice time for the non-penalized teammates. With coincidental penalties called, both teams will skate at full strength, 5-on-5.

  • At the referees’ discretion, an infraction may result in any one, or combination of the above type of penalties.

  • Any player who is assessed four penalties during a single game will be ejected from the game. If a player is assessed one of the following penalties: Boarding, Charging, Head Contact or Checking From Behind, a Minor (2min) + Misconduct (10min) must be called. If this occurs within the last five minutes of a game, the player shall receive an automatic one-game suspension.

  • The league may assess further disciplinary action on top of anything outlined within these rules. If an investigation is requested by a team or the league on its own initiative, it must be initiated within 72 hours following the completion of the game in which the incident occurred. Any and all fighting and game ejections are subject to review by the league and can result in, and up to, a lifetime ban from Ice Oasis. No refunds will be given to players who are suspended from the league.

Serving of Penalties

  • If a third player of any team shall be penalized while two players of the same team are serving minor penalties, the third player penalized must at once proceed to the penalty box, but may be replaced by a substitute player. The penalty time of the third player shall not commence until the penalty time of one of the two players already penalized has elapsed.

  • When any team shall have three players serving penalties at the same time and because of the delayed penalty rule, none of the three penalized players in the penalty box may return to the ice until play has stopped or the second penalty has expired. In this case, the first player that was penalized may return to the ice. When play has been stopped, all players whose full penalty has expired may return to play.

  • Coincidental and misconduct penalties should not appear on the scoreboard. Time of expiration shall be provided by the scorekeeper upon request.

  • If overtime starts with non-coincidental penalties (a player from each team with different times on the clock), teams shall start 4-on-4. Once one penalty ends, teams will skate 5-on-4 until the next whistle. At this point the teams will resume play with 4-on-3, until the last penalty expires.

Offenses

Too Many Men on the Ice

  • A player on the ice may be substituted with a player from the players’ bench; the player leaving the ice must be at the players’ bench and out of the play before the substitution is made.

  • If the player entering the game intentionally plays the puck in any fashion or participates in play while the retiring player is still on the ice, a penalty shall be assessed. Being accidentally struck by the puck does not warrant a stoppage or penalty.

  • If the player leaving the ice is the goaltender and the substitution is made prematurely (before the goaltender is at the bench), play shall be stopped immediately by the referee and the face-off shall take place at center ice. No penalty shall be assessed.

  • In the case of a player returning to the ice before their time has expired through an error of the scorekeeper, they are not to serve an additional penalty, but must serve their unexpired time such as when coincidental penalties being put on the scoreboard and the players not being informed as such.

  • If a rostered player enters the ice (from the door by the locker rooms) during play, the play will be stopped and a too-many-men minor penalty shall issued to their team.

  • If a sub player enters the ice (from the door by the locker rooms) during play, the play will be stopped and that player will receive a double-minor penalty for too-many-men. No time will go on the scoreboard and no team will be put a man down. This will count as 2 penalties for that player. No time will expire from the penalty due to a goal by either team. This player will serve all 4 minutes of their penalty and may return to play at the next stoppage of play, after their penalty is served.

Unsportsmanlike Conduct

  • A penalty will be assessed when any player is guilty of verbal abuse, rude gestures, personal insult, physical abuse or anything else deemed unsportsmanlike by the official.

  • Any player who deliberately applies physical force in any manner against an official, in any manner attempts to injure an official, deliberately makes contact with an official, or physically demeans an official shall be penalized.

  • Any player who attempts to draw a penalty by his actions of "diving" shall be penalized.

  • Any embellishment of an original penalty to ensure that the penalty is called shall be construed as diving, and both the original penalty and an unsportsmanlike conduct penalty will be assessed at the same time.

  • If a goaltender participates in the play in any manner when he is beyond the center red line, a penalty shall be assessed.

  • A Game Misconduct shall be called if any player bangs his stick on the glass or boards for any reason.

Attempt to Injure

  • Any action deemed by an official as "attempt to injure" shall result in the offending player receiving a Game Misconduct penalty.

  • A push or trip that causes an opponent to be thrown violently into the boards.

  • Referees are encouraged to eject the player from the game.

Delay of Game

  • A penalty will be assessed when a player throws anything onto the ice during the progress of the game or during a stoppage in play.

  • A penalty will be assessed to any player who:

    • Deliberately shoots, throws or bats the puck with their stick or hand outside the playing area.

    • Deliberately displaces a goal post from its normal position.

    • Deliberately falls on or gathers the puck into their body.

    • Deliberately removing their helmet during play to incur a stoppage.

  • Catching the puck in the hand and not immediately putting it back down on the ice directly in-front of the player that caught it will cause a stoppage, but not a penalty.
  • A penalty will be assessed against the goaltender when:
    • They choose to cause a stoppage when there's ample opportunity to keep the play alive.

    • He is outside of his privileged zone, falls on or gathers in the puck, or holds or places the puck against any part of the goal or boards.

    • Shoots or bats the puck out of the rink without being deflected or touching the glass.

  • A penalty shot will be awarded if a defending player other than the goaltender intentionally freezes the puck within the goal crease.

  • If the goal post is deliberately displaced by a goalkeeper during the course of a breakaway, a penalty shot will be awarded.

  • If the goal is displaced by a defending player prior to the puck crossing the goal line between the normal positions of the goal posts, the referee may assess a minor penalty (delay of game) or award the goal.

  • If there is insufficient time in the regular playing time or by reason of penalties already imposed, the minor penalty assessed to a player for deliberately displacing the goal post cannot be served in its entirety within the regular playing time of the game or at any time in overtime, a penalty shot shall be awarded against the offending team.

Fighting

  • Fighting shall result in the offending player being ejected from the game, and a two game suspension. A second fight during the same season will result in a three game suspension, and a third fight will result in an indefinite suspension pending league review.

Cross Checking

  • A blow delivered with both hands on the stick and no part of the stick on the ice shall result in a penalty.

Charging

  • Charging, taking more than two steps to issue a body-check, will result in a penalty.

  • Referees are encouraged to issue an attempt to injure penalty and eject the player from the game.

Body Checking

  • When the offensive player is skating towards the defensive player, the defending player may not hit the offensive player by going the opposite direction to that player. The body contact must be as a result of the movement of the offensive player.

  • NOTE: Rub out hockey is allowed. Rub out hockey is when a player uses their body (hips or shoulders) to gain better position as long as the player is attempting to play the puck.

Butt-ending

  • Butt-ending, or any attempt to butt-end, will result in a penalty. Contact does not have to occur for a penalty to be called.

  • Referees are encouraged to issue an attempt to injure penalty and eject the player from the game.

Kicking

  • Kicking, or any attempt to kick, will result in a penalty. Contact does not have to occur for a penalty to be called.

  • Referees are encouraged to issue an attempt to injure penalty and eject the player from the game.

Spearing

  • Spearing, or any attempt to "stick" a player, will result in a penalty. Contact does not have to occur for a penalty to be called.

  • Referees are encouraged to issue an attempt to injure penalty and eject the player from the game.

Head-Butting

  • Head-butting will result in a penalty.

  • Referees are encouraged to issue an attempt to injure penalty and eject the player from the game.

Kneeing

  • Kneeing will result in a penalty.

  • Referees are encouraged to issue an attempt to injure penalty and eject the player from the game.

Elbowing

  • Striking an opposing player with an elbow will result in a penalty.

  • Referees are encouraged to issue an attempt to injure penalty and eject the player from the game if the elbow is directed at the opposing player’s head.

High Sticking

  • Any contact of a player’s stick with an opposition player above the height of the player’s shoulder shall result in the assessment of a penalty.

  • When a team plays the puck with a high-stick, and a member of that team is the first to play the puck, play shall be blown dead and the resulting face-off shall occur at a face-off dot in the offending team’s defensive zone.

  • A goal may not be scored when the last stick to make contact with the puck was above the height of the player’s shoulders. The resulting face-off shall occur in the offending team’s defensive zone.

Holding

  • When a player holds an opponent with either their hands, or their stick, including closing the hand on the opponent’s stick a penalty shall be assessed.

Hooking

  • When a player impedes or seeks to impede the progress of an opponent by hooking the opposition, a penalty shall be assessed.

Roughing

  • A penalty shall be assessed to any player deemed to use more force than necessary against an opponent.

  • NOTE: This unnecessary force may be applied unintentionally. (i.e. "out of control")

Slashing

  • A penalty shall be assessed to any player who swings their stick at an opposing player, striking them or not.

  • A player who, on the pretext of playing the puck, takes a wild swing at the puck with the objective of intimidating an opponent shall be assessed a penalty.

  • A player who strikes the goaltender once the puck is covered by the goaltender, regardless of the whistle having been blown or not, shall be assessed a penalty.

Tripping

  • A penalty shall be assessed to any player who causes his opponent to trip or fall by using their stick, foot, arm, hand, etc.

  • If a player intentionally leaves their feet, for any reason, and subsequently causes another player to fall, a penalty shall be assessed.

  • NOTE: Hitting the puck first does not negate a trip.

Interference

  • A penalty will be assessed when a player:

    • Impedes a player from gaining possession of a loose puck.

    • Deliberately knocks a stick out of an opponent’s hand.

    • Prevents a player from regaining possession of a dropped stick or glove.

    • Knocks any abandoned or broken stick, or other debris towards an opposing puck carrier.

    • Runs interference for the puck carrier (i.e. a moving pick).

  • NOTE: Often the action and movement of the attacking player causes the interference. Since the defending players are entitled to stand their ground in front of an attacking player, such action is not interference.

  • If a player in control of the puck outside of the defending zone, and having no other opponent to pass to other than the goalkeeper, is interfered with by a stick or any part thereof, or any other object thrown or shot by any member of the defending team, a penalty shot shall be awarded.

  • As above, but if the goal is undefended, an immediate goal is awarded.

Goaltender Interference

  • An attacking player may not stand in the goal crease (except if the goal is unattended by a goalie) nor hold their stick in the goal crease. If the player, or his stick, interferes with the goaltender making a save, a penalty shall be assessed. If a goal is scored during such an occurrence, it shall be disallowed and the penalty shall stand. The ensuing face-off shall be taken in the neutral zone.

  • NOTE: If the player is physically interfered with by a defending player to cause them to enter the crease, any goal will be allowed, and no penalty shall be issued.

  • A goalkeeper is not fair game just because they are outside of the goal crease area. A penalty for interference or roughing will be assessed when an opposing player makes unnecessary contact with a goalkeeper.

  • In the event that a goalkeeper has been pushed into the net together with the puck after making the stop, the goal will be disallowed.

Illegal Equipment

  • When a player breaks their stick, the player must immediately drop the stick to the ice. The only legal way to acquire a replacement stick is to proceed to the players’ bench, or be handed an unbroken stick by a teammate. If the player receives a stick in an illegal fashion, or continues to play with the broken stick, a penalty shall be assessed.

  • A player carrying two sticks who participates in the play will be assessed a penalty.

  • Players must wear league issued jersey and socks. A penalty may be assessed at the discretion of the referee for those without proper attire.